The National Water Master Plan


Without water, there is no life. Individuals, private companies and public institutions are taking great efforts to make water useable for their needs - be it drinking water, pastoral needs, industries, agriculture or others. In order to coordinate these activities, and to safeguard that the resources are also available for future generations, a common planning framework is needed. This framework is given by the Water Master Plan.

According the United Nations, the primary objective of a Water Master Plan is to establish a basic framework for:

(Guidelines for the preparation of National Water Master Plans, Water Resources Series No. 65, UN, N.Y. 1989)

Background and Principal Components

The Formulation of a Water Master Plan is a principal task of the state. In the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, this task is performed by the Ministry of Water and Irrigation. The old Masterplan from 1977, which had been formulated with assistance the German Government, needs to be updated and revised. Again, the German Agency for Technical Assistance (GTZ) is supporting the Jordanian Government in this task.

The new Masterplan will not be a static printed document but a Digital Water Master Plan based on an extensive Water Information System (WIS). In close cooperation with the Ministry of Water and Irrigation and GTZ, the German consulting company AHT International has developed the Digital Planning Tools. These software tools are database applications with a GIS (digital mapping) interface that are applied to:

Basic components and functionality of the Digital Masterplan

Water Information System (WIS)

The Digital Water Master Plan receives its data from the Water Information System (WIS). This is the central information system at the Ministry of Water and Irrigation, serving the Ministry as well as WAJ (Water Authority of Jordan) and JVA (Jordan Valley Authority). In addition, it is the authorised source for data on water monitoring, management, and planning for external users like research institutions or international donors.

The WIS is a complex system of hard- and software, data and tools as well as people for its operation and maintenance. It can be accessed from all computer workplaces within the Ministry’s network. The majority of data is either stored in ORACLE data base tables or in GIS files. These two data systems are linked, thus permitting both the data selection by inter-active maps and cartographic representation of results.

The WIS contains monitoring data collected in the field either by operators of the water supply and wastewater disposal systems (namely WAJ and JVA), the hydrological service of the Ministry and/or external institutions like the Department of Statistics and the Ministry of Agriculture. In addition to the monitoring data the WIS holds the results of water demand and resources projections.

In order to facilitate data exchange, a unified coding compulsory for all water authorities is under development. This process is coordinated by the Working Group on Standardization of Data and Information Flows.


General overview of the structure of digital information in the Ministry of Water and Irrigation


The two primary user interfaces of the WIS are the Data Entry and Visualisation Application (DEVA) and the Digital Visualisation System (DVS). The DEVA (written under Oracle developer) is both used for data entry and the production of reports in a fixed format.

The DVS is specially made for the master plan allowing to produce standard information products in an automated way. It is an MS-Access application with integrated MapObjects GIS modules for spatial selection and cartographic outputs. The DVS is applied to monitoring and forecast data to produce standardized tables, charts and maps under Excel. Thus, its results can be easily post-processed with Office software.


of user-interfaces
of the DVS software


Digital Planning Tools

The Digital Planning Tools are a set of interactive software modules applied to forecast water resources and demands for future development scenarios. These forecasts are always using recent monitoring data as a starting point. The results are stored into the so-called Scenario Tables Pool (STP), which is part of the central ORACLE database administered under the WIS. From there, the information on future resources and demands is taken for nation-wide water balancing.


Principal data flow – from the pre-processing modules to balancing


The Digital Planning Tools have been developed under MS-Access 2000 in VBA (Visual basic for Applications), the most common programming language under the Windows operating system. The Digital Planning Tools have a modular structure and the software code is open to the IT personnel in the Ministry. This will allow future modifications and extensions with the Ministry’s own resources.

Examples of user-interfaces of the digital planning tools for resource estimation

Example of a user-interface for demand estimation (irrigation)

Digital NWMP

A Water Master Plan as a document is consisting of the following principal parts:

Due to the complexity of the task, a master plan is structured in several layers like executive summary, main report (in several volumes) and various technical annexes and appendices.

A digital master plan is such a document in digital or electronic format. This has several big advantages: portability (the whole document fits to a CD-ROM) and easy navigation within and between the various parts and layers of the document. Most important, however, is the facility to easily update the document.

To obtain that functionality, two additional features are required. First, the document must have a standardized structure of small individual units linked with each other. It was agreed to use in principle the system-independent file formats HTML (hyper text mark-up language, which is commonly used for Internet web pages) and PDF (portable document format). Secondly, an additional software shell is required to convert the “raw documents” into the agreed document formats in order to integrate them into the overall structure of the digital master plan.

General document concept of the screen version of the digital master plan

Contributions for the NWMP

I. From the Ministry of Water and Irrigation

NWMP Directorate

 Director: Eng. Suzan Taha


 Environment, Wastewater:

  Eng.Rania Abdel Khaled

 Groundwater Quality, Data Management:

  Eng. Lana Naber

 Demand Forecast: 

  Eng. Rasha Sharkawi

 Industrial Wastewater, Demand Forecast:

  Eng. Nisreen Haddadin

 Institutional Issues: 

  Eng. Nisreen Haddadin

Water Resources Directorate

  Director: Eng. Edward Qunqar


  Monitoring Network: 

  Dr. Rakad Ta'any


  Eng.Zakaria Haj-Al

  Groundwater Water Monitoring:    

  Dr. Rakad Ta'any, Eng. Ali Subahi


  Eng.Ali Subah, Eng.Mazen Rayan

  Groundwater Modeling:

  Eng. Nidal Khalif

Project Finance Directorate

 Director: Eng. Mayzoon Zubi


 Project Cost Assessment:

 Eng. Hisham Bashir

 Investment Programming:

 Eng. Maysoon Zub

MIS Directorate

 Director: Eng. Mohammad Bany Mustafa


 Database Administration and Programming: 

 Eng. Ibtisam Al Sale


II. From the JordanValley Authority (JVA)

Dams Department, GIS-Department, MIS Directorate, Deir Alla Control Center and Laboratories, JVA Investment Directorate.


III. From the Water Authority of Jordan (WAJ)

Operation and Maintenance Directorate, Sewage Operation Directorate, Billing Department, MIS Directorate, Ground Water Basins Department.


IV. From the Planning &Management Unit (PMU)

UFW Directorate


IV. Others

Royal Scientific Society, Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Tourism, Yachiyo Engineering - Japan, BGR - Germany, EMWIS (Euro-Mediterranean Information System on the Know How in the Water Sector), ARD - USA, Richard Allen

This document was prepared in September 2002 by the staff of the Water Sector Planning Support Project at the Ministry of Water and Irrigation. It was co-financed by the Federal Republic of Germany within the framework of the Jordanian/German Technical Cooperation Programme.

Eng. Suzan Taha
Project Co-ordinator

Mr. Lothar Nolte
Senior Advisor- GTZ

Ministry of Water and Irrigation 

Tel. +962(6) 5652 265 – Fax. +962(6) 5680 075

P.O.Box 2412 - 5012 Amman / Jordan